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Diving 101


Types of Dives

Body Positions

Judging

  • Judges evaluate the following parts of a dive to determine an overall score:

    1. Approach: Three or more steps forward to the end of the board before the hurdle and takeoff. Should be smooth but forceful, showing good form.
    2. Takeoff: A diver’s lift from the board prior to execution of the dive. Must show control and balance, plus the proper angle of landing and leaving for the particular dive being attempted.
    3. Elevation: The amount of spring or lift a diver receives from the takeoff greatly affects the appearance of the dive. Since more height means more time, a higher dive generally affords greater accuracy and smoothness of movement.
    4. Execution: The dive itself. Form: A judge watches for proper mechanical performance, technique, form, and grace.
    5. Entry: The entry into the water is significant because it’s the last thing the judge sees. Judges favor a graceful, vertical entry along with a minimal amount of splash.
  • Each judge scores a dive between zero and 10 points, which includes half point increments. Scores are defined as follows:

    10: Excellent
    8½-9½: Very good
    7-8: Good
    5-6½: Satisfactory
    2½-4½: Deficient
    ½-2: Unsatisfactory
    0: Completely failed

  • While it takes seven judges to score individual competitions, 11 judges must score synchro events. During a synchro dive, three judges score the execution of Diver A’s performance, while three other judges score the execution of Diver B’s performance. The remaining five judges score the synchronization of the pair.

  • A diver’s overall score for an individual dive is calculated in the following way:

    1. Each of the seven judges awards a score to a diver for his or her dive. (Ex: 6-5-5-5-5-5-4)
    2. The two highest and two lowest scores are eliminated. (Ex: 6 and 4 and two of the 5s are eliminated.)
    3. The remaining scores are totaled. (Ex: 5 + 5 + 5 = 15)
    4. This total (15) is then multiplied by the predetermined degree of difficulty rating associated with the particular dive performed to calculate the overall score. These degree of difficulty ratings range from 1.2 to 4.1, in one-tenth increments. (Ex: 15 × 2.0 = 30)
  • For synchronized diving, a score for a dive is calculated in the following way:

    1. Three judges score the execution of diver one (Ex: 6-8-7); three judges score the execution of diver two (Ex: 9-7-8); five judges score the synchronization (Ex: 7.5-8-8-8-8.5)
    2. The highest and lowest execution scores for each diver are eliminated, as are the highest and lowest synchronization scores. (Ex: 6 and 8 for diver one, 7 and 9 for diver two and 7.5 and 8.5 for synchronization are eliminated.)
    3. The remaining scores are totaled. (Ex: 7 + 8 + 8 + 8 + 8 = 39)
    4. This total (39) is then multiplied by the predetermined degree of difficulty rating associated with the particular dive performed to calculate the overall score. These degree of difficulty ratings range from 1.2 to 4.1, in one-tenth increments. (Ex: 39 × 3.0 = 117)
    5.  Finally, this total (117) is multiplied by 0.6 to calculate the overall score. (Ex: 111 × 0.6 = 70.2 overall points)

Competing

  • Women:

    1M Springboard
    In the preliminary, semifinal, and final, each diver must perform five dives from different groups.

    3M Springboard 
    In the preliminary, semifinal, and final, each diver must perform five dives from different groups.

    Platform 
    In the preliminary, semifinal, and final, each diver must perform five dives from different groups.

    Synchro 3-meter/Platform
    Synchronized diving for women includes five different rounds of dives from five groups:

    • Two rounds of dives with an assigned degree of difficulty of 2.0 for each dive (regardless of formula value)
    • Three rounds of dives with a minimum total degree of difficulty of 8.0 for 3-meter springboard and 8.3 for platform
  • Men:

    1M Springboard
    In the preliminary, semifinal, and final, each diver must perform six dives. Divers must choose one dive from each of the five groups, while the sixth dive may be selected from any group.

    3M Springboard
    In the preliminary, semifinal, and final, each diver must perform six dives. Divers must choose one dive from each of the five groups, while the sixth dive may be selected from any group.

    Platform 
    In the preliminary, semifinal, and final, each diver must perform six dives from different groups.

    Synchro 3-meter/Platform
    Synchronized diving for men includes six different rounds of dives from at least five groups:

    • Two rounds of dives with an assigned degree of difficulty of 2.0 for each dive (regardless of formula value)
    • Four rounds of dives with a minimum total degree of difficulty of 11.8 for 3-meter springboard and 9.0 for platform

    Within the six rounds, a group cannot be used more than twice.

  • Junior Girls:

    Springboard 
    Girls ages 11 and under must perform three voluntary dives from different groups with a total degree of difficulty of not more than 5.0 on 1-meter springboard and 5.4 on 3-meter springboard, followed by three optional dives from different groups.

    Girls ages 12-13 must perform four voluntary dives from different groups with a total degree of difficulty of not more than 7.2 on 1-meter springboard and 7.6 on 3-meter springboard, followed by three optional dives from different groups.

    Girls ages 14-15 must perform five voluntary dives—one from each group—with a total degree of difficulty not to exceed 9.0 on 1-meter and 9.5 on 3-meter, followed by three optional dives from different groups.

    Girls ages 16-18 must perform five voluntary dives—one from each group—with a total degree of difficulty not to exceed 9.0 on 1-meter and 9.5 on 3-meter, followed by four optional dives from four groups without limit.

     

  • Platform
    Girls ages 11 and under must perform three voluntary dives with a degree of difficulty not to exceed 5.4, as well as two optional dives from different groups. Dives may be done on 5-meter only.

    Girls ages 12-13 must perform four voluntary dives with a degree of difficulty not to exceed 7.6, as well as three optional dives from different groups. Dives may be done on 5- and 7.5-meter only.

    Girls ages 14-15 must perform four voluntary dives from different groups with a total degree of difficulty not to exceed 7.6, followed by three optional dives from different groups. Girls ages 14-15 and 16-18 may dive from 5-, 7.5-, or 10-meters and must use at least five different five groups in the competition.

    Girls ages 16-18 must perform one additional optional dive. Girls ages 14-15 and 16-18 may dive from 5-, 7.5-, or 10-meters and must use at least five different five groups in the competition.

  • Junior Boys:

    Springboard 
    Boys ages 11 and under must perform three voluntary dives from different groups with a total degree of difficulty not to exceed 5.0 on 1-meter-springboard and 5.4 on 3-meter springboard, followed by three optional dives from different groups.

    Boys ages 12-13 must perform four voluntary dives from different groups with a total degree of difficulty not to exceed 7.2 on 1-meter and 7.6 on 3-meter, followed by three optional dives from different groups.

    Boys ages 14-15 must perform five voluntary dives—one from each group—with a total degree of difficulty not to exceed 9.0 on 1-meter and 9.5 on 3-meter, followed by four optional dives from different groups.

    Boys ages 16-18 must perform five voluntary dives—one from each group—with a total degree of difficulty not to exceed 9.0 on 1-meter and 9.5 on 3-meter, followed by five optional dives from five groups without limit.

     

  • Platform
    Boys ages 11 and under must perform three voluntary dives with a degree of difficulty not to exceed 5.4, as well as two optional dives from different groups. Dives may be done on 5-meter only.

    Boys ages 12-13 must perform four voluntary dives with a degree of difficulty not to exceed 7.6, as well as three optional dives from different groups. Dives may be done on 5- and 7.5-meter only.

    Boys ages 14-15 must perform four voluntary dives from different groups with a total degree of difficulty not to exceed 7.6, followed by four optional dives from different groups. Boys ages 14-15 and 16-18 may dive from 5-, 7.5-, or 10-meters and must use at least five different five groups in the competition.

    Boys ages 16-18 must perform one additional optional dive. Boys ages 14-15 and 16-18 may dive from 5-, 7.5-, or 10-meters and must use at least five different five groups in the competition.