There are six types of dives, also known as groups. The first four groups include variations of rotation, the fifth group includes any dive with a twist, and the sixth group begins with an armstand.
The diver faces the front of the board and rotates toward the water. Dives in this group vary from simple front dives to difficult forward, four and one half somersaults.
All dives in the backward group begin with the diver on the end of the board, with his or her back to the water, so as to rotate away from the board.
Formerly called “gainers,” these dives begin with the diver facing the front of the board in order to rotate toward the board.
Formerly called “cutaways,” the diver stands on the end of the board with his or her back to the water and rotates toward the board.
Any dive that uses a twist (excluding armstands) is included in this group. There are four types of twists: forward, backward, reverse, and inward.
The diver assumes a handstand position on the edge of the platform before the dive. (Armstand positions are never used on the springboard.)
Divers use one or more of the following four body positions during each dive:
The legs are straight with the body bent at the waist. Like the straight position, arm placement is dictated by the particular dive or by the choice of the diver.
No bend at the waist or knees. Depending on the dive, there may be an arch in the back. Arm placement is the diver’s choice or is defined by the dive performed.
Body is bent at the waist and knees, with thighs drawn to the chest and heels kept close to the buttocks. Feet and knees should be kept together and toes should be pointed.
Indicates the diver’s option to use any of the above three positions, or combinations thereof, when performing a twisting dive.
In the past, synchro was common only in aquacades and diving shows. But today, synchronized diving (or synchro diving) has become one of the most popular diving events in the world. Introduced internationally at the 1995 FINA World Cup, synchro diving eventually became a full-medal Olympic sport with its debut at the 2000 Games with four events.
Synchro includes two divers of the same gender performing the same dive from the same level board. For a platform dive, divers take off from opposite sides. For a springboard dive, divers take off from their own, adjacent boards. There are four synchro diving events: men’s synchro 3-meter, men’s synchro platform, women’s synchro 3-meter, and women’s synchro platform.