Three or more steps forward to the end of the board before the hurdle and takeoff.

Armstand Dive
The diver executes a dive from an armstand position. The armstand takeoff represents a sixth group of dives used only in platform diving.

Back Dive
Takeoff from the end of the board with back toward water. Direction of rotation is away from the board.

An illegal movement by the diver:
1. False start in which a diver makes an obvious attempt to start the approach but does not complete the dive.
2. Takeoff for the hurdle from both feet.
3. Loss of balance on an armstand dive causing feet to touch the platform.

Degree of Difficulty
Rating, ranging from 1.2 to 4.1, indicating the difficulty of executing a specific dive. The “DD” is multiplied by the sum of the judges’ scores (after the high and low scores are dropped) to calculate the overall score for a dive.

The conclusion of a dive as the diver makes contact with the water. May be either head or feet-first. Upon entry, the body should always be near vertical in a straight position with toes pointed. In a headfirst entry, arms should be stretched above the head, in line with the body with the hands close together.

Used to describe a dive in which the diver assumes a straight position from takeoff, or after one somersault in a 115C, before executing the remainder of the dive. The straight position must be held for at least one quarter of a somersault (90 degrees).

Forward Dive
Takeoff from a standing or running approach, facing the water. Direction of rotation is away from the board.

Free Position
A combination of straight, pike, or tuck positions, to be used in twisting dives only as listed in the DD tables.

The final segment of the diver’s approach to takeoff. Consists of a spring to the end of the board, taking off from one foot, and landing on two feet at the end of the board.

Inward Dive
Takeoff from a standing position at the end of the board, with back to the water. Direction of rotation is toward the board.

Diving official who scores each dive on a scale of 0 (lowest) to 10 (highest). Seven judges officiate major national and international competition in individual events. Eleven judges officiate during synchronized events.

Pike Position
A dive position in which the body is bent at the hips, legs straight at the knees, and toes pointed. Feet should be held together, while positioning of the arms is optional.

A stationary, non-bending diving platform that is at least 20 feet long and six and a half feet wide. (For synchronized diving, the platform should be a minimum of eight feet wide. Ten feet is preferred.) The platform height used in senior competition is 10 meters (approximately 33 feet). The platform structure typically also includes levels at three, five, and seven and a half meters that are used during training and in junior competition.

Manages the competition and ensures that all regulations are observed. Not a judge.

Reverse Dive
Takeoff from a standing or running approach, facing the water. Direction of rotation is toward the board.

A movement in which a diver rotates the body on an imaginary horizontal axis through the hips. This move can be performed in a variety of combinations.

An adjustable diving board that regulates “springiness,” either 1-meter (3’3″) or 3-meters (9’9″) above the water. The springboard projects at least five feet beyond the edge of the pool.

Straight Position
A dive position in which the body is straight without bending at the knees or hips, with feet together and toes pointed. Formerly called the “layout” position.

A diver’s lift from the board prior to execution of the dive. May be done from a forward (running or standing) or backward approach, or from an armstand position.

The entire diving platform structure.

Tuck Position
A dive position in which the body is bent at the waist and knees, with thighs drawn to the chest and the feet kept close to the buttocks. Feet and knees should be kept together and toes should be pointed.

Twisting Dive
Any dive with a twist. There are four types of twisting dives: forward, back, reverse, and inward.

A term used to describe a diver who competes in a USA Diving-sponsored event, but does not represent a USA Diving club.

United States Aquatic Sports, Inc. is an organization representing all aquatic sports including diving, swimming, water polo, and synchronized swimming.


Join Us

  • Membership
  • Come to an Event
  • Start a Club
Diving and USOPC Logo

© 2023 USA Diving - All Rights Reserved.